双语新闻:联合国安理会选出五非常任理事国

Five Countries Elected to UN Security Council
联合国安理会选出五非常任理事国

 
Austria, Japan, Mexico, Turkey and Uganda have won non-permanent seats on the U.N. Security Council. They will serve two-year terms beginning in January.

奥地利、日本、墨西哥、土耳其和乌干达赢得联合国安理会非常任理事国席位。这些国家两年的任期从明年1月开始。

The vote, which takes place by secret ballot in the U.N. General Assembly, saw seven countries officially competing for the five open seats. All 192-member states participated. Candidates needed a two-thirds majority or 128 votes to secure a seat.

有七个国家角逐安理会非常任理事国的五个席位,它们由联合国大会采用无记名投票的方式产生。联合国192个成员国全部参加投票。候选国家需要得到三分之二多数或128票才能当选。

The most hotly contested seats were for Western Europe. Austria and Turkey beat out Iceland for the two seats allocated to this region.

竞争最激烈的席位是西欧地区。奥地利和土耳其击败冰岛赢得该地区分配到的两个席位。

Turkish Foreign Minister Ali Babacan said the strong support Turkey received showed the international community's confidence in Turkey, which is currently in negotiations to join the European Union. He said Turkey would continue to work to contribute to international peace and security in its new role.

土耳其外交部长巴巴詹表示,土耳其得到的有力支持显示出国际社会对土耳其的信心,该国目前正在就加入欧盟展开磋商。巴巴詹说,土耳其在新的角色中会继续努力为国际和平与安全做出贡献。

"Our key works will be dialogue, diplomacy, peaceful solution to conflicts," he said.

巴巴詹说:“我们的工作重点要放在通过对话、外交努力和平解决冲突。”

This will be Turkey's fourth time sitting on the council. Austria has served on the council twice before. This year was Iceland's first attempt to become a member. Some diplomats said privately that Iceland's bid was probably hurt by the recent collapse of its financial sector.

这将是土耳其第四次担任安理会非常任理事国。奥地利以前担任过两期非常任理事国。冰岛今年是第一次竞选非常任理事国席位。一些外交人士私下表示,冰岛竞选之所以没有成功可是受到该国最近金融业破产的拖累。

For the Asian seat, Japan roundly defeated Iran. Japan received 158 votes, Iran only 32.

至于亚洲地区的席位,日本大胜伊朗而当选。日本得到158票,而伊朗只有32票。

"I would like to highlight how fitting it is that Iran only secured 32 votes," said British Ambassador John Sawers. "Iran is a subject on the agenda of the Security Council - there are sanctions on Iran because of its nuclear program - and its comprehensive defeat -- a thrashing of Iran -- is a very important signal of whole membership's concern about Iran's actions."

英国驻联合国大使索尔斯说:索尔斯说:“我想强调的是,伊朗只得到32票是多么的恰当。伊朗是安理会日程中的主要议题,联合国安理会对伊朗的核计划实行了多项制裁,伊朗这次的全面失败是对它的沉重打击,同时非常清楚地表明,全体成员国对伊朗所做所为的担忧。”

Japan is a regional power and the second largest donor to the United Nations. It hopes to become a permanent member of the Security Council if that body is reformed and expanded.

The seats for Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean were uncontested.

非洲、拉丁美洲和加勒比组的席位没有竞争。

Uganda's Ambassador, Francis Butagira, said his country hopes to become a bridge between big powers and smaller nations in reaching compromise. Uganda has been a contributor to U.N. peacekeeping missions in Darfur and Somalia and Ambassador Butagira said African issues would be high on Uganda's agenda.

乌干达驻联合国大使布塔吉拉说,乌干达希望充当大国和小国之间达成让步的桥梁。乌干达一直是联合国在达尔富尔和索马里维和使命的参加国。布塔吉拉大使说,乌干达一直把非洲问题放在日常工作的重要位置。

"Since most conflicts are on the African continent, we hope to play a very active role toward resolution of those conflicts and maintenance of international peace and security," he said.

布塔吉拉说:“鉴于绝大多数冲突发生在非洲大陆,我们希望在解决冲突、维护国际和平与安全方面发挥非常积极的作用。”

Mexico, which has served three previous terms on the council, was unopposed in its bid for the Latin America and Caribbean seat.

曾经在安理会担任过三期非常任理事国的墨西哥在角逐拉丁美洲和加勒比地区席位的过程中没有遇到对手。

Nominations are not required, countries simply announce their intention to run, sometimes many years in advance. Consideration is given to an equitable geographical distribution and a candidate's contribution to the maintenance of international peace and security.

要想成为安理会非常任理事国不需要提名,有关国家只要宣布想要竞选非常任理事国席位就可以,不过有时需要提前许多年宣布。考虑因素包括非常任理事国的地区分布是否合理,以及候选国对维护国际和平与安全的贡献。

There are 15 seats on the council. Five are permanent veto-wielding members - China, France, Russia, Britain and the United States. Currently, the other five non-permanent members are Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Croatia, Libya and Vietnam.

联合国安理会共有15个成员国。其中5个是拥有否决权的常任理事国,包括中国、法国、俄罗斯、英国和美国。目前其它5个非常任理事国是布基纳法索、哥斯达黎加、克罗地亚、利比亚和越南。

The five newly elected members will replace Belgium, Indonesia, Italy, Panama and South Africa, whose two-year terms conclude at the end of this year.

新当选的五个非常任理事国(奥地利、日本、墨西哥、土耳其和乌干达)将取代比利时、印度尼西亚、意大利、巴拿马和南非等五国。它们的两年任期在今年年底结束。

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